Not only is freedom of access to information a basic human right, it is also a precondition for informed public participation in governance, i.e. for democracy. Open and transparent governance is also considered a precondition for preventing and revealing corruption and maladministration.
Consequently knowledge about openness and access to information is a crucial element in the implementation and promotion of human rights and democratic principles.
An Introduction to Openness and Access to Information, The Danish Institute for Human Rights, Kopenhagen, 2005.